Today in History | Associated press

Today in History

Today is Monday, January 31, the 31st day of 2022. There are 334 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in the story:

On January 31, 1958, the United States entered the space age with its first successful launch of a satellite, Explorer 1, from Cape Canaveral.

To this date :

In 1797, the composer Franz Schubert was born in Vienna.

In 1863, during the Civil War, the First South Carolina Volunteers, a regiment made up entirely of many runaway slaves, were drafted into federal service in Beaufort, South Carolina.

In 1865, the United States House of Representatives joined the Senate in passing the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution abolishing slavery, sending it to the states for ratification. (The amendment was passed in December 1865.)

In 1919, Baseball Hall of Famer Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo (KAY’-roh), Georgia.

In 1945, Pvt. Eddie Slovik, 24, became the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion after he was shot by an American firing squad in France.

In 1961, NASA launched Ham the Chimp aboard a Mercury-Redstone rocket from Cape Canaveral; Ham was safely recovered from the Atlantic Ocean after his 16½-minute suborbital flight.

In 1971, astronauts Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell and Stuart Roosa took off aboard Apollo 14 for a mission to the Moon.

In 2000, an Alaska Airlines MD-83 jet crashed into the Pacific Ocean off Port Hueneme (wy-NEE’-mee), California, killing all 88 people on board.

In 2001, a Scottish court sitting in the Netherlands convicted a Libyan and acquitted a second in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. (Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi (AHB’-dehl BAH’-seht AH’-lee ahl-meh-GRAH’-hee) was sentenced to life, but was released after eight years on compassionate grounds by the government Scottish. He died in 2012.)

In 2015, Bobbi Kristina Brown, daughter of the late singer Whitney Houston, was found unresponsive in a bathtub in her Georgia home and taken to an Atlanta-area hospital. (She died six months later.)

In 2016, Novak Djokovic maintained his perfect streak to six Australian Open finals with a 6-1, 7-5, 7-6(3) win over Andy Murray.

In 2020, the United States declared a public health emergency over the novel coronavirus, and President Donald Trump signed an order temporarily barring entry to foreign nationals, other than immediate family of U.S. citizens, who had traveled to China in the previous 14 days. The Senate narrowly rejected Democratic requests to call witnesses for President Donald Trump’s first impeachment trial.

Ten years ago: Republican Mitt Romney routed Newt Gingrich in the Florida primary, bouncing back from an earlier loss. Breast cancer charity Susan G. Komen for the Cure sparked an uproar when it decided to end its partnerships with Planned Parenthood affiliates (Komen reversed itself three days later).

Five years ago: President Donald Trump nominated Neil Gorsuch, a rising conservative justice, to the United States Supreme Court. (Gorsuch would be confirmed in April 2017 by a 54-45 vote.)

A year ago: Tens of thousands marched across Russia to demand the release of jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny in a second wave of nationwide protests that rocked the Kremlin; Activists said police arrested more than 5,100 protesters across the country, including more than 1,600 in Moscow. Thousands of ultra-Orthodox Israelis attended two funerals for two prominent rabbis in Jerusalem, flouting the country’s ban on large public gatherings amid the pandemic. A World Health Organization team investigating the origins of the coronavirus pandemic visited the food market in the Chinese city of Wuhan which was linked to numerous early infections.

Today’s birthdays: Composer Philip Glass turns 85. Former Home Secretary James Watt is 84. Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands, the former Queen Regent, is 84 years old. Actor Stuart Margolin is 82 years old. Former U.S. Representative Dick Gephardt, D-Mo., is 81. Blues singer-musician Charlie Musselwhite is 78. Actor Glynn Turman is 75 years old. Baseball Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan turns 75. Actor Jonathan Banks is 75 years old. Singer-musician Harry Wayne Casey (KC and the Sunshine Band) is 71. Rock singer Johnny Rotten is 66 years old. Actor Kelly Lynch is 63 years old. Actor Anthony LaPaglia is 63 years old. Singer-musician Lloyd Cole is 61 years old. Rock musician Al Jaworski (Jesus Jones) is 56 years old. Actor Minnie Driver is 52 years old. Actor Portia de Rossi is 49 years old. -comedian Bobby Moynihan is 45 years old. Actor Kerry Washington is 45 years old. Bluegrass singer and musician Becky Buller is 43 years old. Singer Justin Timberlake is 41 years old. Actor Tyler Ritter is 37 years old. Country singer Tyler Hubbard (Florida Georgia Line) is 35. -musician Marcus Mumford (Mumford and Sons) is 35 years old. Actor Joel Courtney is 26 years old.

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